They pointed out that cardiovascular diseases are diseases of the heart or blood vessels. However, the term cardiovascular disease is used to describe diseases of the heart or blood vessels that are caused by atheroma. And the narrowing of the blood vessels can lead to cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease (for example, angina, heart attack and heart failure), cerebro-vascular disease (transient ischaemic attacks and stroke), and peripheral arterial disease.
According to a consultant cardiologist, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital (OAUTH), Prof. Micheal Balogun heart failure is responsible for about 30 percent of hospitalisation and eventual death in Nigeria.
Hence, the experts pointed out that one’s blood pressure and cholesterol level are highly important. All people aged over 40 years should have a cardiovascular health risk assessment – usually available at pharmacies, clinics and hospitals. If you have a high risk of developing a cardiovascular disease, treatment to reduce high blood pressure (hypertension) and/or cholesterol may be advised.